St. Paul’s Church in Macau
When did it establish and what happened to it?
(1) It was first constructed in 1580.
(2) It was caught fires in 1595 and 1601.
(3) Its reconstruction started in 1602. Completed in 1637, the church became the biggest Catholic Church in East Asia at that time.
(4) In 1835 and the church caught fire for the third time leaving its glory history. After the conflagration, only the front wall, the most valuable part remained. .[]
What were its uses?
People could make prey in it.
People studied knowledge in it.
It was also used to commemorate St. Paul and others.
What was its structure?
From the bottom up, the structure has five tiers. The first tier is comprised of ten Ionic columns with three entrances. The second tier features ten Corinthian columns with three windows. The statue of Madonna stands in the middle of the third tier, while the statue of Jesus stands on the fourth.
It is worth mentioning that the stone lions at the sides of the third and fourth tiers are distinctively Chinese. The surviving facade has long been acknowledged as a perfect fusion of western and eastern cultures.[]
What is it now?
After restoration work, lasting from 1990 to 1995, the back side of the Ruins of St. Paul’s was turned into a museum.
The ruins are regarded as the symbol of Macau and now offer visitors a new site where they can view the remains of the former Church of the Mother of God, visit a Crypt and a museum of Sacred Art. []