4月 222009
 

Brazil and the Atlantic * Portuguese slow-moving ships from America with silver, large amount of passengers and soldiers with slightly gunned were vulnerable to attack by English and Dutch faster and heavily gunned vessels at South of Africa. * In 1621, the founding of Dutch West India Company threa ……More

4月 222009
 

  Review: A History of Portuguese Overseas Expansion, 1400-1668 (Chapter 6-8) (Ma Guang, Roger, Matt and Saul)   Chapter 6–Chanllenge and response Portugal under Philip King Philip I of Portugal (Philip Ⅱ of Spain) was acclaimed in 1581, and remained resident in Portugal until 1583.[ ……More